Veterinary information provided on Dr Anne Quain's blog (www.smallanimaltalk.com) is not intended to substitute for assessment and/or care by a veterinarian. Animals, in particular those that are ill, injured or otherwise compromised, respond differently to different treatments and must be treated on a case-by-case basis by a veterinarian who has performed a physical examination on that animal. Dr Anne Quain accepts no responsibility for any injury or illness to any animal or person, or damage to property, resulting from any advice, suggestion or direction contained on this blog.

Dr Anne Quain respects the privacy and confidentiality of patients, their owners and visitors to this site. For more information see "Frequently Asked Questions."

It should be noted that patient assessment and medical opinions differ between veterinarians. The opinions on this site are those of Dr Anne Quain  and may not be the same as those of any organisation or practice by which she is employed.

Unless otherwise specified, all images on this site are copyright (c) Anne Quain 2008-2020. All rights are reserved. No part of this blog may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission from the author, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in reviews or critical articles.